Here are some of the book and article references noted on this website, plus others worth looking into:
Bruner, J. S. (1960/1977). The process of education. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Christensen, C. M. (1997). The Innovator’s Dilemma: When New Technologies Cause Great Firms to Fail. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.
Crutchfield, L. R., & Grant, H. M. (2008). Forces For Good: The Six Practices of High-Impact Nonprofits. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Mezirow, J., & Associates. (2000). Learning as transformation: Critical perspectives on a theory in progress. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Ornstein, A. C., & Hunkins, F. P. (2009). Curriculum: Foundations, principles, and issues (5th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson.
References: Physical Education (PE), Moderate-to-Vigorous Physical Activity, Recess, Student Academic Achievement & Engagement, Child/Adult Health
Ahamed, Y., Macdonald, H., Reed, K., Naylor, P.-J., Liu-Ambrose, T., & Mckay, H. (2007). School-based physical activity does not compromise children’s academic performance. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 39(2), 371-376.
American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. (2008). Obesity in Children and Teens. Washington DC.
Brener N.D., Pejavara A., McManus T. (2011). Applying the School Health Index to a nationally representative sample of schools: update for 2006. Journal of School Health, 81: 81-90.
Bureau of Labor Statistics (2014). BLS consumer expenditure survey, 2013. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Labor.
CDC (2016). Chronic Disease Overview page. https://www.cdc.gov/chronicdisease/overview/
CDC (2015). 2015 State and Local Youth Risk Behavior Survey. 2015 Standard HS YRBS questionnaire. Atlanta, Georgia.
CDC (2014). School Health Index: A Self-Assessment and Planning Guide. Elementary school version. Atlanta, Georgia.
CDC (2014). School Health Index: A Self-Assessment and Planning Guide. Middle school/high school version. Atlanta, Georgia.
Chaddock, L., Erickson, K. I., Prakash, R. S., Kim, J. S., Voss, M. W., VanPatter, M., et al. (2010). A neuroimaging investigation of the association between aerobic fitness, hippocampal volume, and memory performance in preadolescent children. Brain Research, 1358, 172-183.
Chaddock, L., Erickson, K. I., Prakash, R. S., VanPatter, M., Voss, M. W., Pontifex, M. B., et al. (2010). Basal ganglia volume is associated with aerobic fitness in preadolescent children. Developmental Neuroscience, 32, 249-256.
Chetty, R., Friedman, J. N., Hilger, N., Saez, E., Schanzenbach, D. W., & Yagan, D. (2011). How does your Kindergarten Classroom Affect your Earnings? Evidence from Project Star*. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 126(4), 1593–1660.
Council of Economic Advisers (2009). The economic effects of health care reform on small business and their employees. Washington, DC: Executive Office of the President.
Crump, C., Sundquist, J., et al. (2016). Physical fitness among Swedish military conscripts and long-term risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus. Annals of Internal Medicine, doi:10.7326/M15-2002.
DeHeer, H. (2014). Fit Kids at School: Executive Report Parts 1 & 2. Summer 2014.
Desy, E., Peterson, S., Brockman, V. (2011). Gender differences in science-related attitudes and interests among middle school and high school students. Science Educator, 20, 2, 23-30.
Dills, A.K., Morgan, H.N., Rotthoff, K.W. (2011). Recess, physical education, and elementary school student outcomes. Economics of Education Review, 30, 889-900.
Donnelly, J. E., Greene, J. L., Gibson, C. A., Smith, B. K., Washburn, R. A., Sullivan, D. K., . . . Williams, S. L. (2009). Physical activity across the curriculum (PAAC): A randomized controlled trial to promote physical activity and diminish overweight and obesity in elementary school children. Preventive Medicine, 49, 336-341.
Edwards, J. U., Mauch, L., & Winkelman, M. R. (2011). Relationship of Nutrition and Physical Activity Behaviors and Fitness Measures to Academic Performance for Sixth Graders in a Midwest City School District. Journal of School Health, 81(2), 65-73.
Fedewa, A.L., & Ahn S. (2011). The effects of physical activity and physical fitness on children’s achievement and cognitive outcomes: A meta-analysis. Research Quarterly for Exercise & Sport, 82, 521-535.
Frisvold, D.E. (2015). Nutrition and cognitive achievement: An evaluation of the School Breakfast Program, Journal of Public Economics, 124, 91-104.
Geier, A., Foster, G., Womble, L., & al., E. (2007). The relationship between relative weight and school attendance among elementary schoolchildren. Obesity, 15(8), 2157-2161.
Heckman, J. J., Moon, S. H., Pinto, R., Savelyev, P. A., & Yavitz, A. (2010). The rate of return to the HighScope Perry Preschool Program. Journal of Public Economics, 94, 114-128.
Herman, K. M., Craig, C. L., Gauvin, L., & Katzmarzyk, P. T. (2009). Tracking of obesity and physical activity from childhood to adulthood: The Physical Activity Longitudinal Study. International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, 4(4), 281-288.
Hillman, C. H. (2010). Physical Activity and Cognitive Function in Children. Kansas: University of Illinois.
Hillman, C.H., Pontifex, M.B., et al (2009). The effect of acute treadmill walking on cognitive control and academic achievement in preadolescent children. Neuroscience,2009 March 31; 159(3): 1044–1054.
[Edunuity note: immediate one-grade-level improvement in test score performance from recent moderate-to-vigorous physical activity.]
Hogstrom, G., Nordstrom, A., & Nordstrom, P. (2014). High aerobic fitness in late adolescence is associated with a reduced risk of myocardial infarction later in life: a nationwide cohort study in men. European Heart Journal, 35, 3133–3140.
Hollar, D., Messiah, S. E., Lopez-Mitnik, G., Hollar, T. L., Almon, M., & Agatston, A., S. . (2010). Effect of a Two-Year Obesity Prevention Intervention on Percentile Changes in Body Mass Index and Academic Performance in Low-Income Elementary School Children. American Journal of Public Health, 100, 646-653.
Isaacs, S., & Swartz, A. (2010). Editor’s choice – On the front lines of childhood obesity. American Journal of Public Health, 100(11), 2018.
Johnson, J. K. (2010). Program Evaluation of Operation Tone-Up. Phoenix: Desert Sage Associates.
Katz, Cushman, Reynolds, et al (2010). Putting physical activity where it fits in the school day: preliminary results of the ABC (Activity Bursts in the Classroom) for fitness program.Preventing Chronic Disease: Public Health Research, Practice, and Policy, 7 (4), A82 (1-10).
Lees, C. & Hopkins, J. (2013). Effect of aerobic exercise on cognition, academic achievement, and psychosocial function in children: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Preventing Chronic Disease, 10, October 24, 2013.
Lever, J. and Thorpe, K. (2011, May 24). Prevention: the answer to curbing chronically high health care costs (guest opinion). Kaiser Health News. Retrieved from http://www.kaiserhealthnews.org/Columns/2011/May/052411thorpelever.aspx.
Mackey, A.P., Finn, A.S., et al (2015). Neuroanatomical Correlates of the Income-Achievement Gap, Psychological Science, 26 (6), 925-933.
Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS), 2001-2011. Available at: http://meps.ahrq.gov/mepsweb/
NASBO, 2012. State Expediture Report. Available at: http://www.nasbo.org/publications-data/state-expenditure-report
Ogden, C. L., Carroll, M. D., Kit, B. K., & Flegal, K. M. (2014). Prevalence of Childhood and Adult Obesity in the United States, 2011-2012. Journal of the American Medical Association, 311(806-814), 8.
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). (2012). U.S. health care system from an international perspective. OECD Health Data 2012. Paris, France:
Reeves, J. (2016). US Department of Education Grant Performance Report (ED 524B).
[Edunuity note: this is the official report on the initial version of the Empower Youth Health Program & related elements.]
Ricanati, E.H.W., Golubic, M., Yang, D., Saager, L., Mascha, E.J., Roizen, M.F. (2011). Mitigating preventable chronic disease: progress report of the Cleveland Clinic’s Lifestyle 180 program. Nutrition & Metabolism, 8(83). doi:10.1186/1743-7075-8-83.
Rumberger, Russell W. (2011). Dropping out: why students drop out of high school and what can be done about it. Cambridge, MA, USA: Harvard University Press.
Sallis, J. F., McKenzie, T. L., Kolody, B., Lewis, M., Marshall, S., & Rosengard, P. (1999). Effects of health-related physical education on academic achievement: Project SPARK. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 70, 127-134.
Schuch, F.B., Vancampfort, D., Richards, J., et al. (2016). Exercise as a treatment for depression: A meta-analysis adjusting for publication bias. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 77, 52-51.
Singh, A., Uijtdewilligen, L., Twisk, J.W., van Mechelen, W., & Chinapaw, M.J. (2012). Physical activity and performance at school: A systematic review of the literature including a methodological quality assessment. Archives of Pediatric Adolescent Medicine, 166, 49-55.
Skinner, A.C., Perrin, E.M., & Skelton, J.A. (2016). Prevalence of Obesity and Severe Obesity in US Children, 1999-2014. Pediatric Obesity, 24, 1116-1123.
Sugerman, S., Adkins, S., Hooker, S., Foerster, S., Carman, J., & Chenoweth, D. (2005). The Economic Costs of Physical Inactivity, Obesity, and Overweight in California Adults: Health Care, Workers’ Compensation, and Lost Productivity: California Department of Health Services, Public Health Institute.
Trudeau, F., & Shephard, R. J. (2010). Relationships of physical activity to brain health and the academic performance of schoolchildren. American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine, 4(138).
Trost, S., & van der Mars, H. (2009). Why we should not cut PE. Educational leadership, 67(4), 60-65.
Trudeau, F., & Shephard, R. J. (2008). Physical education, school physical activity, school sports and academic performance. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 5(10).
Turner, S. (2013). Transformative Education for Long-term Behavior Change: Preventing Childhood Obesity and Improving Health Through In-School Curriculum-based Nutrition and Exercise Programs. (PhD Human and Organizational Systems), Fielding Graduate University, Santa Barbara, CA.
Wen, X., Gillman, M.W., Rifas-Shiman, S.L., Sherry, B., Kleinman, K., Taveras, E.M. Decreasing prevalence of obesity among young children in Massachusetts from 2004 to 2008. Pediatrics. 2012;129(5): 823-831.
Whitaker, R., Wright, J., Pepe, M., Seidel, K., & Dietz, W. (1997). Predicting obesity in young adulthood from childhood and parental obesity. New England Journal of Medicine, 337(13), 869-873.
Yamamoto, (2013). Health care costs—from birth to death. Part of the Health Care Cost Institute’s Independent Report Series – Report 2013-1. Society of Actuaries.
Zhuo et al, (2014). The lifetime cost of diabetes and its implications for diabetes prevention. Diabetes Care, 37: 2557-2564.
References: Percent Giving
The Center on Philanthropy. (2008). Key Findings – Center on Philanthropy Panel Study: Indiana University. [Edunuity note: see page 5 for percent of income statistics by socioeconomic level]
References: Libraries-and-Literacy for All
Dowd, A. J., O’Donnell, N., Ochoa, C., & Borisova, I. (2010). Community Strategies for Promoting Literacy: Save the Children.
Elkington, J., & Hartigan, P. (2008). The Power of Unreasonable People: How Social Entrepreneurs Create Markets That Change the World. Boston: Harvard Business Press.
Ryall, C., & Hussein, N. (2013). Literacy Boost Partnership Programme: Save the Children and World Vision International.
Yunus, M. (2007). Creating a World Without Poverty: Social Business and the Future of Capitalism. New York: Public Affairs.